Clafer: Lightweight Modeling of Structure, Behaviour, and Variability
Embedded software is growing fast in size and complexity, leading to intimate mixture of complex architectures and complex control. Consequently, software speci cation requires modeling both structures and behaviour of systems. Unfortunately, existing languages do not integrate these aspects well, usually prioritizing one of them. It is common to develop a separate language for each of these facets
In this paper, we contribute Clafer: a small language that attempts to tackle this challenge. It combines rich structural modeling with state of the art behavioural formalisms. We are not aware of any other modeling language that seamlessly combines these facets common to system and software modeling.
We show how Clafer, in a single unified syntax and semantics, allows capturing feature models (variability), component models, discrete control models (automata) and variability encompassing all these aspects. The language is built on top of first order logic with quantifiers over basic entities (for modeling structures) combined with linear temporal logic (for modeling behaviour). On top of this semantic foundation we build a simple but expressive syntax, enriched with carefully selected syntactic expansions that cover hierarchical modeling, associations, automata, scenarios, and Dwyer’s property patterns.
We evaluate Clafer using a power window case study, and comparing it against other notations that substantially overlap with its scope (SysML, AADL, Temporal OCL and Live Sequence Charts), discussing benefits and perils of using a single notation for the purpose.
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Hrshikesh Arora, Marco ServettoVictoria University Wellington, New Zealand, Bruno C. d. S. OliveiraThe University of Hong Kong, Hong KongLink to publication DOI Pre-print
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Paulius JuodisiusIT University of Copenhagen, Denmark, Atrisha SarkarUniversity of Waterloo, Canada, Raghava Rao MukkamalaDepartment of Technology, Kristiania University College, Norway, Michal AntkiewiczUniversity of Waterloo, Canada, Krzysztof CzarneckiUniversity of Waterloo, Canada, Andrzej WąsowskiIT University of Copenhagen, DenmarkLink to publication DOI Pre-print
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Weixin ZhangThe University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Bruno C. d. S. OliveiraThe University of Hong Kong, Hong KongLink to publication DOI Pre-print